Located either in the arch of the foot or in the heel area, the pain of plantar fasciitis is often the result of excessive running or standing, inflaming the thick tissue on the sole. Once irritated it is difficult to walk and pain increases with prolonged standing, walking or running. Pain can be alleviated with rest. There could be swelling, tenderness and redness. Severe cases will have decreased walking ability and could possibly result in permanent tissue or nerve damage. Podiatry treatment may involve: exercises, anti-inflammatories or orthotics. Treatment can last 2 months to 2 years before symptoms improve. If left untreated the condition may result in permanent damage to the plantar fascia or nerves. A surgical plantar fascia release can be performed for severe cases.
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